In our report of the previous edition, we were able to learn a little about some places in the region of Galilee, where our Lord Jesus Christ began his public ministry. Through the photographs, we could appreciate the ruins of some of these sacred places.
We leave Galilee and go to the Roman city where the Procurator of the Roman Empire lived in the time of Jesus: Cesarea Maritima. On our tour, we stop at the Stella Maris mountain, where the cave where the prophet Elijah hid from the persecution of Queen Jezebel.
On this mountain, there is also the Monastery of Our Lady of Mount Carmel, where it is the Order of the Brothers of Our Lady of Mount Carmel or Carmelites, who, in the thirteenth century, DC, received from the Blessed Virgin Mary the insignia of Holy Scapular.
After having been in the Stella Maris mountain, we headed towards the Roman city of Cesarea Maritima. On the shores of the Mediterranean a Pharaonic city was erected, a work of engineering ahead of its time that turned Palestine into the center of the Eastern Roman Empire. Only Rome surpassed Caesarea Maritima.
Until then, the only thing that was in this place was a small Phoenician port that Herod the Great transformed into a city with more than 125,000 inhabitants.
DINASHAKED Tourist guide
“Herod received this place from Caesar Augustus and in homage to him, he called it Caesarea.
It was built in the year 22 A.C. and included a very important port. It was the highlight of the place because it was a port in the water, something totally new for that time”.
Soon after, the city became the civil and military capital of the Roman province of Judea. It was also the residence of the Roman prefect and was, therefore, the house of Pontius Pilate.
These remains certify that Caesarea was their home. Each year for Easter, the governor traveled to Jerusalem. It was then that Pilate met Christ and sentenced him.
DINASHAKED Tourist guide “In Caesarea, they found a piece of stone with the inscribed name of Pilate, which indicates that Pilate lived here. It is a piece of evidence.
There are other things here that have to do with the Bible.
Cornelius, the centurion who went to Jaffa and met with St. Peter and was the first heathen to be converted, left Caesarea.
Paul was also imprisoned here in Caesarea”. The first church in Caesarea was built by St.
Peter, built after baptizing Cornelius. In addition, Saint Paul spent two years imprisoned inside Herod’s palace.
Then, he was taken to Rome. There are a lot of biblical references to Caesarea Maritima, a place where many Christian pilgrimages today also follow in the footsteps of the first years of faith.
The city fell into disfavor in later centuries.
It is believed that it could be affected by several earthquakes that would have seriously damaged the port and, as a consequence, the trade, causing the slow decline of what was a flourishing modern city in the first century.
Visiting Cesarea Maritima, it is a wonderful experience, we invite you to make an effort to make the trip of their lives.